Women comprise approximately half of community college instructional faculty. Visit this link for more detailed information regarding faculty demographics.

Historical Context

Factors contributing to the high percentage of women on community college campuses (Townsend and Twombly, 2007)

external image gender_equality_by_meppol30__300x300.JPG

external image Gender%20Equity.jpg

Institutional Climate

Townsend and Twombly (2007) investigated "the extent to which the community college offers an equitable work and study site for women" (p. 208). Their study yielded the following results per Hurtado, Milem, Clayton-Pederson, and Allen's framework for examining institutional climate (Townsend and Twombly, 2007).

Institutional History
  • Community colleges were receptive to women due to features such as affordability and close proximity to home enabled community colleges to emerge as a viable option.
  • The expansion of community colleges in the 1960's created a need to fill vacant faculty positions. Women were hired to fill these positions.
Numerical Representation
  • Representation of women in faculty and administrative positions on community college campuses exceeds the amount at four-year institutions.
Women's Perceptions of Institutional Climate for Women
  • Women faculty at community colleges are generally satisfied with the climate due to: (1) the alignment between their personal mission and that of the community college and (2) the lower emphasis on scholarly research than at four-year institutions.
Behaviors and Relations of Men & Women on Campus
  • Factors relating to work-life balance have been perceived well among women faculty and administrators, especially in instances where policy revision was implemented by an administrator of the same gender.