Societal forces
  • Unequal access
  • Resources vary
  • Support from family and K-12 varies
  • Funding
School cultures
  • Schools are self-replicating systems
  • Beliefs and attitudes help or hinder
  • Teachers reluctant to adopt technology
  • Need administrative support and vision (strategic plan)
  • Lack of skills has negative effect on technology adoption
  • Anxiety over new technology
  • Increased preparation and professional development time (additional work)
  • Pedagogical change, not just teaching methods
  • Financial (start up costs, recurrent costs, hardware, software)
  • Human (time, IT support)
  • Infrastructure (network, wiring, bandwidth)
Politics and the economy
  • Proof of value of education
  • Limited funding
  • Regional challenges